Thimphu (Altitude 2,400m/7,875ft)
Thimphu has been the capital of Bhutan since 1955. It is the centre of government, religion and commerce. The harmonious mix of modern development with ancient traditions makes it a unique town. It is homes to the civil servants, expatriates and the monk body and maintains a strong national character in its architectural style. Once a small rural settlement, today it is home to about 100,000 people.
Places of interest around Thimphu
Tashichhodzong or the “fortress of the glorious religion", was initially erected in 1641 and rebuilt by the Third King Jigme Dorji Wangchuck in 1965. Tashichhodzong is Bhutan’s administrative and religious centre and houses the throne room of His Majesty the King of Bhutan, Government Ministries, the nation’s largest monastery and headquarters of His Holiness the Je Khenpo (Head of the Monastic Body or Chief Abbott) and the monk body. The National Assembly Hall is located in a new building across the river.
National Memorial Chorten (Stupa) was built in 1974 in memory of the Third King of Bhutan, His Majesty Jigme Dorji Wangchuck. It is monument for world peace and prosperity. The paintings and statues inside the monument provide a deep insight into Buddhist philosophy.
National Library, which holds a vast collection of Buddhist texts and manuscripts, some dating back several hundred years, as well as modern academic books mainly on Himalayan culture and religion; the history of Bhutan lies imprinted in archaic texts which are preserved at the National Library. Besides thousands of manuscripts and ancient texts, the library also has modern academic books and printing blocks for prayer flags.
Semtokha Dzong which stands on a lofty ridge, five miles from Thimphu town was built in 1627 by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal. It is the oldest Dzong in the country and now houses the School for Buddhist Studies.
National Institute for Zorig Chusum or the School of Arts and Crafts is an Institute where students undertake a six-year course on the 13 traditional arts and crafts of Bhutan. “Zorig Chusum” means the Thirteen Arts and Crafts. To preserve the country’s invaluable heritage and promote arts in Bhutan, the government initiated this institute in 1971. Students are taught painting, calligraphy, embroidery, wood carving, and sculpture. They also learn the traditional meaning and spiritual values enshrined in Buddhist art. On a visit one can actually see students at work. The students follow a comprehensive course that starts with drawing and progresses through painting, wood carving, embroidery, and statue- making. This institute not only helps preserve our beautiful heritage but also equips future generations with skills and knowledge to keep our own heritage alive. The 13 arts and crafts comprise of; painting, carpentry, carving, sculpture, casting, blacksmithing, bamboo work, gold and silversmith, weaving, embroidery, masonry, leather work, and paper making.
National Institute for Traditional Medicine, where the medicinal herbs abundant in the kingdom are compounded and dispensed, and traditional medical practitioners are trained. In Bhutan, equal emphasis is given to both allopathy and traditional medicines and the Institute also imparts the art of herbal medicines to would be practitioners.
Changangkha Lhakhang, a fortress like temple lies perched on a ridge above Thimphu, south of Motithang. The temple was built in 12th century on a site chosen by Lama Phajo Drugom Shigpo, who came from Tibet. The central statue here is Chenrezig in a manifestation with 11 heads. From temple courtyard, there is fascinating view of the Thimphu valley.
Takin Reserve to see the rare national animal of Bhutan. Takin is a vulnerable species with the sum of the subspecies on the engendered list. It is a rare animal found only in Bhutan, Nepal, Burma and China. This animal is chosen as the national animal of Bhutan for its uniqueness and its association with the country’s religious history and mythology.
Handicrafts Emporium, a government-run enterprise where one can find a wide range of beautifully hand-woven textiles and craft products. It also carries a small collection of books on Bhutan, Buddhism and Himalayan culture.
Local Vegetable Market, every Saturday and Sunday most of the Thimphu's scant population and many valley duelers congregate on the banks of the river where the weekend market is held. It provides an insight into the village economy where farmers from nearby areas converge to sell their products. It makes an interesting for an opportunity to mix with the local people.
Zangtho Pelri Lhakhang (temple) was built in 1990s by Late Dasho Aku Tongmi, a musician who composed Bhutan's national anthem. It is a replica Guru Padsambhava's celestial abode.
National Textile Museum: With the opening of the Textile Museum in 2001, under the patronage the Queen of Bhutan, Her Majesty Ashi Sangay Choden Wangchuk, Bhutanese textiles have reached new heights as one of the most visible traditional crafts and as a distinctly Bhutanese art form. The textile museum has opened its exhibition on six major themes: warp pattern weaves, weft pattern weaves, role of textiles in religion, achievements in textile arts, textiles from indigenous fibres and the royal collection. The Crowns of Bhutan’s Kings, namzas (dresses), the first version of the Raven Crown and other accessories used by members of the royal family can be found in the museum. The goal of the museum is to slowly become a center for textile studies that will carry out documentation, research and studies on textiles.
Folk Heritage Museum also known as Phelchey Toenkhyim was also established at the initiative of the Queen of Bhutan, Her Majesty Ashi Dorji Wangmo Wangchuck is dedicated to connect people to the Bhutanese rural past through exhibits, demonstration, educational programs, and documentation of rural life. The principal exhibit in the museum is a restored three- storey traditional building rammed with mud and timber, which dates back to mid 19th century. In order to present a typical Bhutanese rural setting and flavour, paddy, wheat and millet fields; a traditional watermill (with mill stones that date back more than 150 years), traditional style kitchen gardens with vegetables that were grown and consumed over hundred years, and the famous traditional hot stone bath complement the museum building and the exhibitions within. It provides fascinating insights into Bhutanese tradition and way of life reflecting Kingdom’s rich cultural heritage.
Dochu La Pass (10,130ft/3,088m) is one hour drive from Thimphu and on a clear day, one can get a good view of the Eastern Himalayas, including Bhutan's highest mountain, Gangkar Punsum, 24,770ft/7,550m and the following peaks (left to right): Masagang (7,158m), Tsendegang (6,960m), Terigang (7,060m), Jejegangphugang (7,158m), Kangphugang (7,170m), Zongaphugang (7,060m) a table mountain that dominates the isolated region of Lunana, and finally, Gangkar Puensum, the highest peak in Bhutan at 7,497m.
Tango Goemba (monastery) is half an hour drive from Thimphu town. It was founded by Lama Gyalwa Lhanangpa in the 12th century and the present building was built in the 15th century by the ‘Divine Madman’, Lama Drukpa Kunley. In 1616 Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal visited Tango and meditated in a cave near the monastery. His meditation helped ensure the defeat of an invading Tibetan army. The head Lama, a descendent of Lama Drukpa Kunley presented the Goemba to Shabdrung, who carved a sandalwood statue of Chenrezig which he installed in the monastery. The picturesque three-storey tower and several surrounding buildings were built in the 18th century by the eighth Desi, Druk Rabgye and Shabdrung Jigme Chhogyel added the golden roof in the 19th century.
Cheri Goemba (monastery) is half an hour drive from Thimphu town. It was built by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal in 1620. A silver chorten inside the monastery holds the ashes of Shabdrung’s father. The trail commences by crossing a lovely covered bridge that spans the Thimphu Chug, then climbs steeply to the monastery.
Phajoding Goemba (monastery) is a 5 km uphill walk from Motithang. The monastery was built in 15th century by Shagcha Rinchen who introduced the Drukpa Kagyupa school in Bhutan in the 13th Century. It was at one time one of the richest monasteries in the country.
Punakha (Altitude 1,310m/4,300ft)
Punakha served as the capital of Bhutan until 1955 and is still the winter seat of Je Khenpo (Chief Abbot). Blessed with temperate climate and fed by Pho Chu (male) and Mo Chu (female) rivers, Punakha is the most fertile valley in the country with abundant with crops and vast terraces of rice fields. There are splendid view of the distant Himalayas at Dochula pass (alt. 3,100 m) on Thimphu - Punakha road.
Places of interest around Punakha
Punakha Dzong, a massive structure at the junction of two rivers built in1637 by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyel is 600 feet long and 240 feet wide, with a sprawling 6 –storey rectangular tower. It is the most beautiful and well-known fortress connected with Bhutan’s historical traditions. The valley and Dzong of Punakha was the seat of power and politics in medieval Bhutan.It was in Punakha, the first hereditary Monarch, King Ugyen Wangchuck was enthroned on 17 December 1907. Punakha served as the winter capital till 1955 and Punakha Dzong continues to be the winter residence of the Central Monk Body. In spite of four catastrophic fires and an earthquake that destroyed many historic documents, Punakha Dzong houses sacred artifacts and embalmed body of Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyel.
Chimi Lhakhang is situated on a hillock in the centre of the valley, is dedicated to Lama Drukpa Kuenley, who in the late 15th century used humour, songs and outrageous behaviour to dramatize his teachings and due to this also known as ‘Divine Madman’. This temple is also known as the temple of fertility. It is widely believed that couples who do not have children and wanting one, if they pray at this temple, they are usually blessed with a child very soon. It is an half an hour leisurely walk across a local village, rice fields from the road to the temple. It then follows a tiny stream downhill to Yoaka and across more fields before making a short climb to Chimi Lhakhang. There are few young monks at the temple, which is surrounded by a row of prayer wheels and some very beautiful slate carvings.
Khamsum Yulley Namgyal Chorten (Stupa) was built to remove negative forces and promote peace, stability and harmony in the changing world. The Chorten dominates the upper Punakha Valley with commanding views across the Mo Chhu and up towards the mountainous peaks of Gasa and beyond.
Wangdue Phodrang (Altitude: 1,300m/4,265ft)
The last western town before heading towards central Bhutan, Wangdue Phodrang is like an enlarged village with a few well provided shops. Located towards the south of Punakha, the higher ridges of the Wangdue Phodrang valley provides rich pastureland for cattle. This district is also famous for its fine bamboo work and its slate, stone carvings.
Places of interest around Wangdue Phodrang
Wangdue Phodrang Dzong situated on a ridge overlooking a river junction was built in the 1638. The position of the Dzong completely covers the spur and commands an impressive view over both the north-south and east-west roads. In the 17th century, Wangdue Phodrang played a critical role in unifying the Western, Central and Southern Bhutanese districts.
Gangtey Gompa/Phobjikha Valley (Altitude: 3,000m/9,845ft.)
Further going towards the east of Wangdue Phodrang, Gangtey Gompa provides one of the most attractions in Bhutan. It dates back to the 17th century. A few kilometers past the Gompa, on the valley floor is the village of Phobjikha. This is the winter home of black necked cranes that migrate from the arid plains in the north to pass winter in milder and lower climate.
Gangtey Gompa, an old monastery dating back to the 16th century is the only monastery, which follows the Pelling Nyingmapa sect of school. This valley of Phobjikha is also a home of the rare Black Necked Crane, an endangered species that migrate from the Tibetan plateau in winter. There are about 450-500 cranes residing in Bhutan out of which 250-300 lives in this beautiful valley.
Paro (Altitude 2,200m/7,218ft.)
Paro is a beautiful valley which encapsulates within itself rich culture, scenic beauty and hundreds of myths and legends. Mount. Jumolhari (7,300 meters) reigns in white glory at the northern end of the valley and its glacial waters plunge through deep gorges to form the Pa Chu (Paro River). It is home to many of Bhutan's oldest temples and monasteries, the country's only airport and the National Museum. Paro has 199 Lhakhangs and 428 Chortens, the most important being Taktshang Monastery and Kyichu Lhakhang. Paro is also one of the most fertile valleys in the Kingdom, producing a bulk of the famous red rice from its terraced fields besides wheat, millet, potatoes, apple and seasonal vegetables. Most of the trade of Bhutan in olden times was conducted through Paro by way of a low pass, the Tremo La to Phari Dzong. Today, Paro is a living cultural centre. In spring, thousands of families gather at Paro to celebrate the Paro Tshechu, a four day religious festival of mask dances and folk entertainment.
Places of interest around Paro
Rinpung Dzong, also known as “fortress of the heap of jewels ", was built during the time of Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal in 1646. It now houses the administrative offices of Paro Dzongkhag. The approach to the Dzong is through a traditional covered bridge called the Nemi Zam. A walk through the bridge to the Dzong, over a stone inlaid path, offers a good view of the architectural wonder of the Dzong as well as life around it. It is also venue of the Paro Tshechu (religious dance festival), held once a year in spring.
Ta Dzong built in 1951 was one time watch tower built to defend Rinpung Dzong during inter-valley wars of the 17th century. It was re-established as the National Museum in 1967 and has been rated among the best natural history museums in Asia. It holds fascinating collection of art, relics, religious thangkha paintings and Bhutan’s exquisite postage stamps. The museum circular shape augments its varied collection displayed over several floors. The visit will give provide an insight into the rich and unique cultural heritage and tradition of Bhutan.
Taktsang Monastery, popularly known as the Tiger’s Nest temple is the Bhutan’s most famous monastery perched on the side of a cliff 900m above the Paro valley. According to legend, Guru Padsambhava is said to have flown on the back of a tigress from Singye Dzong in Lhuntse to meditate in a cave where Taktsang Monastery now stands and hence it’s called the ‘Tigers Nest’. It was from there, he propagated the Vajrayana- Mahayana Buddhism (Larger Wheel) that was prophesied by the Buddha at the time of attaining Nirvana. This site has been recognized as a most sacred place and visited by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal in 1646 and now visited by all Bhutanese at least once in their lifetime. On 19 April, 1998, a fire severely damaged the main structure of building but now this Bhutanese jewel has been restored to its original splendour. The hike to reach the viewpoint to the monastery makes for a nice half-day excursion.
Drugyal Dzong which means victorious fortress was built in 1646 by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyel to commemorate his victory over the Tibetan invaders, led by the Mongolian warlord, Gushri Khan in 1644. Strategically built over the only passage into Paro valley, the Bhutanese repelled several invading Tibetan armies during the 17th century from this location. The glory of Drukgyel Dzong remained even when it was destroyed by fire in 1951. On a clear day, one can see the commanding view of Mount Jumolhari from the village, below the Dzong.
Kyichu Lhakhang (temple) is one of the oldest and most sacred shrines of the Kingdom dating back to the 7thcentury (the other is Jambey Lhakhang in Bumthang). Kyichu Lhakhang is composed of twin temples, the first temple was built by Buddhist Tibetan King, Songtsen Gampo in the 7th century and in 1968, by Ashi Kesang Choden, the Queen Mother of Bhutan, built the second temple in same style.
Farm House: The beauty of Paro valley is embellished by clusters of quaint farmhouses. Bhutanese houses are very colourful and traditionally built without the use of a single nail. All houses follow the same architectural pattern. They are normally three storeys. The ground floor is always used for cattle while the attic is used to store hay. The families live in the middle floor. The best room is always kept for the family chapel. A visit to a farmhouse is very interesting and offers a good glimpse into the lifestyle of a farmer.
Kila Goemba is serene home of Buddhist nuns who have dedicated their life for spiritual fulfillment and leading undisturbed life of religious studies, prayer and meditation. The Goemba is nestled in a craggy patch on the mountain side below the Chelela Pass and perched precariously along the rock face. From Chelela Pass, the Lhakhang (temple) is about an hour walk amidst magnificent wooded area.
Trongsa (Altitude 2,300m/7,545ft.)
The landscape around Trongsa is spectacular. It was from here that the present royal family emerged as the most powerful force at the beginning of the last century. The Royal family has strong links with Trongsa. Both the First King Ugyen Wangchuck, the Penlop of Trongsa and his successor, Second King Jigme Wangchuck, ruled the country from Trongsa’s ancient Dzong. The Crown Prince of Bhutan has always held the position of the Trongsa Penlop prior to ascending the throne. The Fourth King continued this tradition as he was appointed Trongsa Penlop in 1972 shortly before he ascended the throne of Bhutan. The present King, Druk Gyalpo Jigme Khesar Namgyel Wangchuck was appointed Trongsa Penlop on 21 October, 2004.
Places of interest around Trongsa
Trongsa Dzong which is the largest Dzong in Bhutan at an altitude of 7,500 feet is a labyrinth of temples, corridors and office holding court over the local community. Protected from invaders by an impenetrable valley, Trongsa Dzong is an impregnable fortress. It is built on many levels into the side of the hill and can be seen from every approach to Trongsa heralding its strength as a defensive stronghold. The Dzong was originally built in 1648 by Shabdrung Ngawang Namgyal, which was later extended by its powerful Penlops, and the sixteenth Desi Sonam Lhundub. Because of its highly strategic position as the only connecting route between east and west, the Trongsa Penlop was able to control the whole of the eastern region effectively. It was the seat of power over central and eastern Bhutan. Trongsa Dzong is the ancestral home of the Royal Family and both the First and Second King of Bhutan ruled the country from this ancient seat. All four Kings held the post of Trongsa Penlop (honorary governor) prior to being crowned as King.
Ta Dzong or watch tower which once guarded Trongsa Dzong from internal rebellion stands impressively and provides visitors an insight into historical significance of Trongsa in Bhutan's history.
Chendebji Chorten (Stupa) is enroute to Trongsa and is patterned after Kathmandu’s Swayambhunath Stupa, with eyes painted at the four cardinal points. It was built in the 18th century by Lama Shida from Tibet, to cover the remains of an evil spirit that was subdued at this spot. Kuenga Rabten is about 23 km and about one hour interesting drive from Trongsa town.
Kuenga Rabten was the winter palace of the Second King and now looked after by National Commission for Cultural Affairs. It is a pleasant afternoon trip from Trongsa and offers good insight into the early days of Bhutan’s Monarchy.
Bumthang Altitude (Jakar 2,800m/9,185ft.) (Ura 3,100m/10,170ft.)
Bumthang is the general name given to the complex of four valleys-Chumey, Choekhor, Tang and Ura-with altitudes varying from 1,600 meters to 4,000 meters. Today, it is a District with its administrative headquarters at Jakar which is known for its honey production, cheese, apples and apricots. This fascinating valley is the spiritual heartland of Bhutan and home to its most ancient and precious Buddhist sites. The tales of Guru Padsambhava and his re-incarnates, known as Lingpas, still linger in most nook and corners of Bumthang that have become now sacred ground.
Places of interest around Bumthang
Jakar Dzong was founded by great grand father of Shabdrung. The Dzong was initially built as a monastery in 1549. It was upgraded after the Shabdrung had firmly established his power in 1646. The Dzong is now used as administrative centre for Bumthang valley and houses the regional monk body.
Jambey Lhakhang (temple) was built in 7th century by Tibetan King, Songtsen Gembo, believed to be the reincarnation of the Buddha of Compassion. It is one of the 108 monasteries built by him to subdue evil spirits in the Himalayan region.
Kurjey Lhakhang (temple) which is located above Jambey Lhakhang, consists of three temples. The one on the right was built in 1652 on the rock face where Guru meditated in the 8th century. Second temple is built on the site of a cave containing a rock with the imprint of Guru's body and is therefore considered the most holy. The third temple was recently built by the present Royal Queen Mother. These three temples are surrounded by 108 Chorten wall.
Tamshing Lhakhang (temple) located opposite Kurje Lhakhang on the other side of the river was founded in 1501 by Terton Pema Lingpa, the re-incarnation of Guru Padmasambhava. The Lhakhang has very ancient religious paintings like 1,000 Buddhas and 21 Taras (female form of Bodhisattva). The temple was restored at the end of the 19th century.
Mebar Tsho is one of the sacred pilgrimage sites of Bhutan where Pema Lingpa found the treasures hidden by Guru Padsambhava and thus became a terton, a 'discoverer of religious treasures'. The importance of this site is indicated by the extensive array of prayer flags and the small clay offering called ‘tse tsa’ in rock niches.
Tangbi Goemba which is a half an hour walk north of Kurjey Lhahang was founded in 1470 by Shamar Rinpoche of the Kargyupa religious school. The temple has two sanctuaries and a temple of terrifying deities. The sanctuary on the ground floor contains statues of past, present and future Buddha and three clay statues probably dating end of the 15th century. On the upper floor, the vestibule contains two remarkable paintings of Guru Rinpoche’s heaven and the Buddha Amitabh’s heaven.
Ngang Lhakhang which is a few hours walk from the Tangbi Goemba is the small region of Ngang Yul (Swan Land) and this temple here is 100 m above the valley floor. The site was visited by Guru Rinpoche and present temple was built in the 15th century by Lama Namkha Samdup, a contemporary of Pema Lingpa. A three days festival is held here each winter with masked dances in honor of the founder of the temple.
Ura Valley which is about one and a half hour drive from Jakar is the highest of Bumthang’s valleys and it is believed by some to have been the home of the earliest inhabitants of Bhutan. To reach here, the road climbs to amazingly open countryside, only occasionally running into forest. Large sheep pastures line the road up to 20 km behind the southern tip of the Tang valley. The route crosses Ura la pass (3,600m) with a magnificent view of Mount. Gangkhar Puensum. Villages in Ura have clustered houses, which is quite unusual in Bhutan. Above Ura village (3,100m) is a new temple dedicated to Guru Rinpoche. Inaugurated in 1986, it contains a huge statue of the master and remarkable paintings of the cycle of his teachings. Since last 25 years Ura has been transformed from a marginal community to a prosperous valley.
Trashi Yangtse (Altitude:1,830m/6003ft.)
Trashi Yangtse is newest district as earlier it was under Trashigang district until 1992. In olden times Trashi Yangtse was the gate way between Tibet and the neighboring Indian states, via Arunachal Pradesh. Combined with legend, one can still see ruins every where, now covered with thick forest in Trashi Yangtse. Blessed by Guru Rinpoche, Trashi Yangtse has many pilgrimage sites unknown even to many Bhutanese. The Trashi Yangtse people are known for making wooden bowls and containers, which are said to be the best in Bhutan.
Places of interest around Trashi Yangtse
Trashi Yangtse Dzong is half-hour walk from the main road and was built in 1656 and renovated in 1976.
Chorten Kora in Trashi Yangtse is 24 km from Trashigang. The temple is the biggest in the whole of Bhutan and the oldest. Set against the cliff and beside a crystal-clear river, it is patterned on stupa of Boudhanath in Kathmandu. It was constructed in 1740 by Lama Ngawang Loday. It is one of the famous places where Guru Padsambhava had meditated in order to subdue a demon that dwelt in big rock. One can see the impression of his thumb, hat, and body on the rock. During the second month of Bhutanese lunar calendar, one of the most ancient festivals in the whole of Bhutan is held here, popularly known as Chorten Kora and Gomba Kora (Kora means circumbulating a temple or a stupa). Old and young make rounds of the stupa and temples to earn merit and good health. Many people from the neighboring Indian state Arunachal Pradesh visit the festival every year and so do people from Merak and Sakten, dressed in their unique costumes.
Bomdeling is about one hour walk from Chorten Kora and the roosting place of the black-necked cranes.
Trashigang (Altitude: 1,100m/3,610ft.)
Trashigang, one of country's largest Districts adjoins the Kurtoe valley. It has warm and equitable climate, and is rich in tropical crops and fruits. In olden times, it had extensive trade with Tibet and is today the junction of east west highway with road connecting to Samdrup Jongkhar and then to the Indian state of Assam. This town is also used as the market place for the hill people from Merak and Sakten.
Places of interest around Trashigang
Trashigang Dzong meaning the Dzong of auspicious mount is situated on a very steep hill overlooking the river Drangme Chhu. It was built by Kudung Pekar Chopel in 1659 on the site originally planned by Chhoegyal Minjure Tempa, third Deb of Bhutan. Its Dzongpons dominated eastern Bhutan in the political history of the country. Today, the Dzong serves as the administrative seat for the district as well as the home of the monk body.
Lhuntse (Altitude: 1460m/4789ft.)
Lhuntse is 77 km from Mongar and is one of the most isolated district in Bhutan. The landscape is spectacular with stark cliffs and gorges and dense coniferous forests. The region is notably famed for its weavers and special textiles and fabrics, generally considered to be the best in the country. The Kurtoe region of Lhuntse is also the ancestral home of Royal Dynasty.
Samdrup Jongkhar (Altitude:160m/525ft.)
Samdrup Jongkhar lies in the South Eastern part of Bhutan bordering the Indian State of Assam and Arunachal Pradesh. The road from Trashigang to Samdrup Jongkhar was completed in 1960s and enables the eastern half of the country to access and benefit from trade with the south as well as across the Indian border. There is little for travelers to see in this area but it is used as more convenient exit town.
Mongar Altitude (1,600m/5,250ft.)
The journey from Bumthang to Mongar is one of the most beautiful in the Himalayas crossing 3,800 m high Thrunsingla pass. Mongar marks the beginning of eastern Bhutan. The second largest town in the subtropical east, Mongar, like Trashigang further east, is situated on the side of a hill in contrasts to other towns of western Bhutan which are built on the valley floor.
Places of interest around Mongar
Mongar Dzong is one of Bhutan's newest Dzongs, built only in 1930s. It was built in the same way as the older Dzongs without any drawings and no nails have been used. A visit to the Dzong gives visitors an impression of how traditional Bhutanese architecture has continued to thrive through the centuries.